|San Miguel de Tucumán, which is 1300km north of Buenos Aires, is the capital of Argentina´s smallest province, yet it is the largest and most modern city in the north. This area once marked the southern border of the Inca Empire in what is now Argentina. The people of this town, which was founded in 1565 by Spaniards coming from Bolivia and Perú, lived mainly by trading with northern communities. Tucumán today boasts a population of some 500.000 people and serves as the urban center of the entire northern part of the country.
The architectural remmants of the colonial period are swallowed up by the modern buildings and bustling commercial district. The streets are laid out in a grid pattern, with Plaza Independencia and its statue of liberty at the center. Around the square are the government buildings, the Church of San Francisco which you can visit during services, the Tourist Office , and the Argentinian Automobile Club.
The most important site is the Casa Histórica. It was here that Argentina declared her independence from Spanish rule on July 9th, 1816.The original building was destroyed, but the actual room where independence was declared survived intact. Today the reconstructed building serves as a museum exhibiting various items from the declaration ceremony, portraits and the like.